Health, Safety And Environmental Management for the 21st Century – My Experience in Kazakhstan

Introduction

This posting summarizes my activities in establishing a really effective HSE (Wellbeing, Protection And Environmental Administration) plan inside PetroKazakhstan (a Canadian owned oil enterprise) which experienced very few HSE systems and systems before I arrived. In this paper, I test to present as very clear as feasible a picture of the place the business, PetroKazakhstan, was when I arrived and what steps I took alongside the way to HSE achievements.

My Arrival:

I had under no circumstances been to Kazakhstan in advance of or to any of the Previous Soviet Republics. I did exploration the state as a result of the Internet and located that Kazakhstan was not the barren arctic squander-land I experienced envisioned but instead a gorgeous and various country with mountains and plains (termed steppe) and even a part of the Caspian Sea, the world’s largest fresh new drinking water lake. PetroKazkhstan’s HQ was located in Almaty, a attractive city which was a blend Asian and European architecture and society.

My to start with day on the position was January 4, 2004. Like all new staff members I had to meet the people today, comprehend the firm, and obtain a position to reside. I rented a pleasant condominium in a great area termed Samal 2. This place is in close proximity to the mountains and my apartment was upcoming doorway to the RamStore, a shopping mall with a grocery keep which produced my first expertise very pleasant. I only experienced only a 2 minute wander to get my necessities.

The Task:

My position, HSE-Director was a new place reporting to the President. Beforehand, there experienced been an HSE & Coaching Director found in the Oil Area but his job was mostly linked to coaching. My initially task was to go to the oilfields and see what was going on there and to discuss to the people both of those in HSE and functions. PetroKazakhstan (PK) experienced 2 principal working teams, a single termed PKKR which was the oil developing facet and the other identified as PKOP, the refinery. PK also had rail loading terminals, oil storage facilities and retail petrol stations.

My Visits:

I experienced made the decision prior to leaving on my discipline take a look at that I would:

Fulfill as many essential people today as attainable and with any luck , persuade them to explain to me about HSE in their spots, the excellent, lousy, and hideous.

Pay a visit to the oil discipline procedure web-sites and choose a appear for myself, evaluating dangers and danger steps being taken to command them.

Review the firm HSE procedures and methods

Make a summary of gaps I noticed and evaluate the gaps vs. industry very best HSE management units

Our 10 level HSE strategy (centered on hole investigation vs. market leaders ) integrated:

Enrich Administration HSE Management- We necessary to recognize how Corporation administrators/supervisors saw their part in HSE. We then required to develop workshops which would identify critical HSE roles and duties for professionals and supervisors. Overall performance plans for HSE would be bundled in management’s Once-a-year General performance Appraisal.

Incorporate Hazard Administration & Evaluation – Hazard identification coaching need to be supplied for all workers as properly as Introduction to Hazard Administration for all administrators and supervisors.
Strengthen HSE Schooling – HSE schooling plans ended up not created for just about every website based on possibility. New training options for employees based upon threat required to be produced as perfectly coaching for supervisors on how to examine their staff in HSE efficiency.

Develop Contractor HSE Systems – There were no Contractor HSE Management methods. Contractor HSE Applications were being determined as a vital require. A suggestion was built to use an seasoned HSE Contractor Specialist to get the program started.

Produce Security in Design and style – PK experienced relied upon EPC contractors to make certain protection in style in the earlier. A “safety in style program” would require uniform basic safety style strategies for all future EPC contracts. A important requirement would be a mandated Basic safety in Style and design Approach.

Update Operations & Upkeep Options- There had been lots of gaps in operator coaching as very well as a deficiency of Common Operating Strategies (SOPs) in lots of critical career responsibilities. A contractor to create the operator schooling and SOPs was proposed. Maintenance and integrity techniques desired to be reviewed and current. A proposal for a computerized integrity upkeep method was advised.

New Data & Documentation Procedure – Numerous HSE stories staying created inside PK but not underneath uniform benchmarks and not merged for evaluate by senior administration. A centralized and uniform HSE reporting method and database was proposed.

Greatly enhance Disaster & Unexpected emergency Programs- Generally the Crisis Reaction strategies have been incredibly very good and complied with Kazakh legislation. On the other hand, PK lacked a corporate disaster administration system. We proposed that all local website emergency reaction options be reviewed and up-to-date and the employees be educated in accordance to these options. Options need to also be translated into both of those languages made use of in the field, i.e., English and Russian. Choosing an seasoned unexpected emergency reaction guide to build a company Disaster Administration System was seen as a sensible way ahead.

Revamp Incident Investigation & Avoidance – Considering that there ended up no uniform incident investigation procedures or incident reporting varieties, we proposed that new methods and types for incident investigations be produced. Coaching would be furnished to all basic safety/environmental engineers and supervisors on root lead to investigation and the principles of accident investigation.

HSE Process Assessment & Improvement – Plans had been to be made for HSE method audits which would overview these 10 points on an once-a-year basis, reporting the final results to senior administration.

What did we do first?

When faced with 25-30 HSE system gaps, what would you do to start with? I have often fallen again on my basic core belief that you prioritize based on risk. That is what we did. For instance, the refinery experienced no PPE (private protecting devices) prerequisites so we drafted a PPE regulation and started off the procurement of PPE. At the identical time, we secured a instruction corporation to occur in for PPE schooling. The accident reporting and investigation process was not a trusted indicator of accidents taking place in the field. Extremely couple of contractor incidents have been described and few supervisors understood how to entire an incident investigation kind. The regular lead to of an incident was “negligence”. The standard corrective motion was “send the hurt to the clinic”. The identical incidents were repeating around and about. We instantly revised the incident course of action and varieties and then implemented a instruction program for incident investigation. A lethal incident transpired in February, 2004, which steered me to review and update the Hot Function Permit procedure and to commence utilizing Contractor HSE Administration. Until then, contractors were being on their own as to how to carry out their perform. The fatal accident modified all that. We commenced by issuing principles from senior management that all contractor activities would be overseen by a community site supervisor. We also changed the Permit system to need that local internet site supervisors indicator and audit the do the job. In the meanwhile, the Permit program was revised and schooling was presented.

On a broader scale, I realized the company desired to fully grasp its challenges and how to handle them. I contracted a highly regarded chance management firm to carry out a QRA (quantitative possibility assessment) and to update our Emergency Reaction Process. The QRA would recognize our main procedure and HSE hazards and present tips to reduce these dangers. Our Emergency Reaction Program was essentially confined to what the Kazakhstan government expected. We necessary a corporate crisis administration approach which would oversee and immediate steps in time of key incident.

These important actions were thoroughly endorsed by PK senior administration and they furnished their total support in guaranteeing that the 10 points to HSE achievements ended up set into place.

Summary & Results

By the conclusion of the 1st year, just about every period of PetroKazakhstan’s HSE effectiveness had enhanced drastically. The 10 elements of the PK HSE Basic safety Administration Method have been in area with enhanced success in HSE, morale and efficiency. The keys to PK’s HSE achievement were being:

– Identification of HSE gaps vs. Ideal Marketplace Apply

Progress of a “Match for purpose” HSE Administration Technique

Senior Management involvement and support

Measurement of HSE gaps, analysis of the gaps with corrective steps taken

Rejoice HSE achievements normally

Notice: I turned over my HSE Director part to my deputy HSE Director (a area Kazakh) soon after the 1 year assignment finished in December 2004. I still left emotion self-confident that PK would develop into an field leader in HSE. In August, 2005, the China Nationwide Petroleum Corporation obtained PetroKazakhstan.